New Zealand’s support vital for the United Nations, rule of law & democracy in Venezuela & the world

The effects of sanctions imposed by U.S. Presidents Obama and Trump and unilateral measures by Canada and the European Union have directly and indirectly aggravated shortages in medicines such as insulin and anti-retroviral drugs. To the extent that economic sanctions have caused delays in distribution and thus contributed to many deaths, sanctions contravene the human rights obligations of countries imposing them. Moreover, sanctions can amount to crimes against humanity under Article 7 of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. An investigation by that Court would be appropriate, but geopolitical submissiveness of the Court may prevent this. (15)

She reminds readers that in 1970, when Salvador Allende was the democratically elected President of Chile, Richard Nixon told Henry Kissinger that the United States would not tolerate an alternative economic model in Latin America and gave orders to “make the Chilean economy scream,” and when all the boycotts and sanctions failed, Allende was removed by Pinochet’s coup in September 1973.

the sanctions, besides hindering access to external financing and international payments, had affected the normal performance of the national productive apparatus, resulting in reduction in supply of local goods and services. For the previous year and a half, the bank had been experiencing difficulties with the correspondent investment of high-level banks; from a total of 33 correspondent accounts, it currently had 14, which operated under a discretional compliance system, with many limitations that resulted in certain operational restrictions, mostly focused on public debt payments. The problems had worsened relating to the operation of correspondent banks, mainly Citibank, Commerzbank and Deutsche Bank, which currently handled only public debt payment. The situation was resulting in obstacles to the realization of public sector payments (i.e. foods and medicines). Demonstrably, unilateral coercive measures and financial blockades have aggravated the economic crisis and caused unemployment and emigration to Colombia, Brazil and Ecuador, among other countries.” (15)

the pernicious exchange rate published on a website was not grounded in factual purchase and sale transactions that had been negatively impacting the economy, primarily, as a price marker, raising inflations levels, constituting an instrument of war that had risen constantly, accumulating during the year an upward variation trend over 2,465 per cent.

the manipulation of the exchange rate has been the most effective strategy to disrupt Venezuela’s economy. It has an impact not only on the foreign exchange market, but also price levels of the economy, leading to loss of purchasing power, distortion of markets and production.

The variations of the parallel exchange rate published in websites since 2012 do not correspond to the historical behaviour of the ratio between international reserves and monetary liquidity… This type of parallel exchange rate do not respond to economic factors but rather to political ones in the framework of this manipulation of the economic warfare against the people in Venezuela … The unconventional nonviolent warfare method that has been evidently used since 2012 to distort the Venezuelan economy and provoke social unrest and political destabilization is known in economic terms as supply shock, generated by inflation costs. (15)

twenty-first century sanctions are accompanied by manipulation of public opinion through fake news, aggressive public relations and pseudo-human rights rhetoric giving the impression that a human rights ‘end’ justifies the criminal means. (15)

APPENDIX — Background notes on Venezuela’s crisis

The USA has opposed, destabilized, overthrown or assassinated every progressive reformer that appeared on the political scene in the region for more than a century. (2)

We noted, in particular, not only the sophistication of the voting system which, in our collective view, is fraud-proof, but also that every stage, from the vote itself to the collation of returns, their verification and electronic submission, was conducted in the presence of representatives of the contending parties. As for ‘reporting irregularities,’ we would be interested to hear of examples, since the reporting system is exceptionally rigorous and tamper-free. We doubt you have any evidence to back up the EU’s claim of ‘numerous reporting irregularities.

We were unanimous in concluding that the elections were conducted fairly, that the election conditions were not biased, that genuine irregularities were exceptionally few and of a very minor nature. There was no vote buying because there is no way that a vote CAN be bought. The procedure itself precludes any possibility of anyone knowing how a voter cast her or his vote; and it is impossible — as we verified — for an individual to vote more than once or for anyone to vote on behalf of someone else. (22)

The claims in your press release are fabrications of the most disgraceful kind, based on hearsay, not evidence and unworthy of the EU. It has not escaped notice that the EU was invited to send observers to the election and declined to do so. NONE of the criticism in your EU press release is, therefore, based on direct EU observation in the field. I would be happy to discuss this further with you and to put you or your colleagues in touch with other observers, among whom were senior politicians, academics, election officials, journalists and civil servants from many different nations including: Spain, UK, Northern Ireland, Germany, Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Chile, Honduras, Italy, several Caribbean countries, South Africa, Tunisia, China, Russia, and the United States (sic).

Yours sincerely,
Jeremy Fox, journalist / writer;
Joseph Farrell, Board of the Centre for Investigative Journalism;
Calvin Tucker, journalist MS ;
Dr Francisco Dominguez, Latin American Studies, Middlesex University”;
Source: International Observers to Venezuela’s Election Pen Letter to the EU

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